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Last Modified - 12/17/2010
Prostate Cancer and Treatment
Where is prostate and what does it do?
The prostate is a male reproductive gland that produces a fluid found in semen. Located below
the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate surrounds the urethra — the tube that
empties urine from the bladder.
Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland and may spread to surrounding structures. While
most men with prostate cancer have no symptoms, physician can find prostate cancer during a
regular checkup, using a combination of a blood test called a PSA and a digital rectal exam
Who Gets Prostate Cancer?
Nearly one in six American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.(1)
With greater awareness, prostate cancer detection is on the rise and mortality is declining.
Moreover, better treatments are allowing more men to return to active and productive lives after
What are My Treatment Options?
If the you have an early diagnosis of prostate cancer, there is usually a range of treatment
options. These may include:
Active Surveillance – Deferring treatment until disease changes. Option for men with low
risk prostate cancer or older men with other medical conditions
Surgery – Frequently the first line therapy for younger patients. Surgery is performed to
remove the prostate and possibly some of the surrounding tissue. Whenever possible, we
strive to use minimally invasive, nerve-sparing procedures to help preserve urinary control and
erectile function. See Radical Prostatectomy.
Radiation therapy - Administer sufficient dose of radiation to kill cancer cells while
minimizing damage to healthy surrounding tissue. Depending on the disease, radiation can
be performed with external bream radiation or brachytherapy, implantation of radioactive
"seeds" into the prostate.
Androgen Deprivation Therapy - Medication is given to decrease testosterone, a male
hormone, to control spread of cancer. It can be used in conjunction with radiation therapy.
Cryosurgery - The goal of cryosurgery is to freeze and destroy cancer cells via a special
instrument that contains liquid nitrogen or liquid carbon dioxide. Can be used in selected
patients but is typically not a first line treatment for prostate cancer due to higher rate of erectile
Your treatment options will depend on a number of factors, including the stage of the disease,
your age and health or personal preference.
• Information on prostatectomy
• Information on da Vinci Prostatectomy
1.The National Prostate Cancer Coalition: www.fightprostatecancer.org home/treatment &
While clinical studies support the effectiveness of the da Vinci® System when used in
minimally invasive surgery, individual results may vary. Surgery with the da Vinci Surgical
System may not be appropriate for every individual. Always ask your doctor about all treatment
options, as well as their risks and benefits.
For additional information on minimally invasive surgery with the da Vinci® Surgical System
Learn more about da Vinci at www.davincisurgery.com